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Work Time 9:30 AM - 6 PM
Razgrad, 70 "Aprilsko vastanie" Blvd.
Work Time 9:30 AM - 6 PM
Razgrad, 70 "Aprilsko vastanie" Blvd.

Tourist Itinerary № 2

It is similar to itinerary № 1 but it is a little shorter and stresses more seriously on the fortification system of the city and on the exhibited architectural sites.

The itinerary starts at the Reception and Information Center (№ 1) and moves towards the eastern gate (№ 13 in the legend) of Abritus Late Antiquity fortress. The informative and educational text tells visitors of the details in constructing the gate, its design and plan. Abritus eastern gate had an unusual location – right next to the angular northeastern tower (№ 12 in the legend) – the only suitable place to enter since the river passed at the foot of the eastern fortress wall. Then visitors can take the stairs constructed in the slope which will lead them to the path passing along the external face of the fortress wall. As they move along the path to the south visitors make short pauses at certain places to learn details of the defensive system. When visitors reach postern № 1 they enter the interior of the fortress and reach a place called The Treasure of Abritus. Here in 1971 during scheduled archeological excavations was excvated the largest treasure of golden coins from the period of Late Antiquity (5th century) found on the lands of modern-day Bulgaria and the third largest in the lands of the late Roman Empire. The treasure consisted of 835 golden coins – solidi. Further west the path leads visitors to a splendid Early Christian cult complex of the 10th – 11th century (№ 18). When visitors learn about the history of earlier structures and of the cult complex itself, they take the central path in southern direction towards tower № 17 (№ 20 in the legend) – the next important site. The tower was located at the highest place of the fortress. Its presumed height of 15 m is displayed through the erection of a metal structure. Metal stairs in the interior of the tower lead visitors to an overlook point that provides a panoramic view to the inside of Abritus Late Antiquity fortress and almost the entire archeological reserve. The tower itself is visible even from the Ruse – Varna road.

Then visitors exit postern № 3 and move west along the external face of the southern fortress wall with U-shaped rectangular towers (№ 21 and 23). Visitors learn details about the construction of the wall and its towers of varied shape. The wall was 354 m long and 2.85 m thick. The southern wall was the thickest which proves that it was exposed to great danger and hostile attacks from the south. Here the distances between the towers (curtain walls) were the shortest – 19 m each.
When visitors reach the southern gate (№ 22) they will learn about its design and through a pass into the gate that was blocked up in the 5th century they reach the inside of the fortress as they move along a path to the north towards building X.

Building X (№ 19) was located immediately to the southwest of the building with the colonnade – building VII. It was initially constructed as a small bathroom and was later reconstructed into a single-nave basilica. Then through the central entrance visitors enter into the public building with Ionic order colonnade with six shops and storage places (building VII) (№ 16). Here they learn about the process of its construction and the history of the earlier buildings underneath. If visitors take the side exit at the eastern part of the building and cross the street they can take a look at the ancient ruins – now restored and preserved – of another presentable residential building – building VIII (№ 17). Metal stairs lead visitors to the next overlook point. Thus, they can take a look at the entire plan of the building, as well as at the marked early medieval dwelling on the glass floor of the overlook point itself. One more overlook point (№ 15 in the legend) was constructed in the northern part of the two residential buildings which panoramic view to the restored archeological sites.

After the area with the exhibited architectural sites visitors who have taken this itinerary can enter the Interactive Museum (№ 14) and dive into the atmosphere of the ancient city of Abritus. The twelve halls of the museum present visitors with the history of exploration of the Early and Late Antiquity city of Abritus, they will learn about the work of archeological teams, they will watch thematic movies about interesting events, significant discoveries and certain artifacts connected with life during the early and late ages of Abritus. Visitors will perform themselves a number of activities such as minting coins the way ancient people did it or play entertaining games and thus gain on their own knowledge of ancient Abritus and life of its inhabitants.

A lift takes people with disabilities to the second floor.

After the Interactive Museum the itinerary takes visitors to the game elements area (№ 10) located nearby. Here they can participate in open-air informative attractions. By doing puzzles they learn about the territory of the Roman Empire during its greatest expansion in 117, about its subsequent division into Eastern and Western Roman Empire in 395 by emperor Theodosius I, about the clothing of Roman citizens and soldiers through the ages, as well as of various architectural elements that were parts of presentable buildings in early Abritus. Here children and why not even adults can play sea chess, knucklebones, Nine Men’s Morris and do Roman mosaic.

The itinerary continues west and takes visitors to the park area – lapidarium (№ 9) – that exhibits various architectural details, devotional epigraphs and tombstones that give information of the ethnic origin of people who lived in the Early and Late Antiquity city of Abritus. The lapidarium contains artifacts that are telling proof of the presence of public buildings in late Abritus – frieze-architraves, cornices with Ionic dentil, Corinthian cornice with lavish decoration, cassette ceiling tiles, all made of limestone, etc.

As visitors exit the northern gate of the fortress (№ 8) they learn about its structure. Moving north along the path on both sides of which stand various architectural details, devotional epigraphs and tombstones that give information of the ethnic origin of people who lived in the Early and Late Antiquity city of Abritus, visitors reach the building of Abritus Museum (№ 2). The museum halls present an archeological exhibition of significant artifacts from the Stone Age to the Early Medieval Age discovered on the territory of Razgrad Region.

Here visitors can buy souvenirs from the booth in the lobby of the museum.