THE PRODUCTION FROM 6500 YEARS AGO WAS INTENDED EXCLUSIVELY FOR EXPORT
The seventh archeological season in the Kubrat village of Kamenovo has ended, said prehistoric Dilen Dilov of the Regional History Museum in Razgrad, deputy head of research.
A team of research supervisors Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yavor Boyadzhiev from NAI at BAS and Dimitar Chernakov from RIM – Ruse, specialists from other museums in the Northeast are working again on the site in the flint workshop and necropolis opened 65 years ago in the school yard in the village. , as well as an anthropologist from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, who will study the skeletons discovered this fall. The excavations were financed by the Ministry of Culture on a project won by the Regional History Museum in Razgrad.
During the excavations, two new graves have now been discovered, totaling 22. Above them, a half-meter layer of flint, saturated with countless flints, is revealed. This is part of a huge flint tooling workshop, probably the largest in the Balkans. Curiously, the terrain is divided into squares meter by meter, because in some places large fragments of flint were found, in others – smaller, and in others – very small, where the retouching took place. This proves that the production of flints here has been specialized and divided into different stages of processing – flint scrapers, flint knives and spears. The scale of the workshop and the very few finds there prove something else – it was produced exclusively for export and the tools did not stay in place.
The two graves found are yet to be examined, and the dimensions show that the bodies are of women. Two ceramic bowls were found on them. In 21 of the graves, the bodies are bent to the left, facing east or northeast, and only one – just the opposite – the body is bent to the right, facing northwest. Beads made of material from the Rhodopes were found in the women’s graves. And in the men’s – battle stone axes.
There is something else very interesting, unseen anywhere else: a production center and a cemetery in the same place. Probably because the production of flint tools expanded and took up space on the necropolis. The workshop provided Ludogorie flint tools for the entire Balkan Peninsula.
The raw material is from the village of Ravno, 2 km from the production site. There were vertical mines for extracting flint.
The completed archeological season in Kamenovo has practically studied this part of the huge workshop, research is forthcoming on the other side of the mound – a few hundred meters away.
In November, the Razgrad archaeologists, together with the director of the National Academy of Sciences at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Hristo Popov, will conduct field trips in the area, because there was a large production center at the same place, but during the Bronze Age. The largest find of stone molds and the so-called “Ox hides” – copper ingots of 26 kg each. The research will be based on another project won by the Razgrad Museum before the Ministry of Culture.